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Organisation: Ernst Plank, lantern and slide manufacturer

Historical details of this organisation
Full nameErnst PlankTrade mark of Ernst Plank

'E.P. and winged wheel' trade mark
Short nameErnst Plank
Main area of activitylantern and slide manufacturer
Secondary area(s) of activitytoy manufacturer 
Date of foundation


Date of winding-up1932
Main period and nation of relevant activity1860s-1930s, Germany
Relevance of this organisationtoy manufacturer producing toy lanterns and slides 

Innovative lantern manufacturer in Nuremberg. By 1900 producing c150,000 lanterns annually, plus 80,000 simplified model steam engines, locomotives, and ships. Also produced full-sized lanterns, sciopticons, and cinematograph apparatus. Offered reproduction praxinoscopes, some steam-powered.

From 1866 major improvements to design and optical performance of toy magic lanterns, especially through improved lenses and illumination. New designs of toy lanterns, some based on French originals, copied by all post-1870 Nuremberg manufacturers.

Related organisations

business taken over by Max and Fritz Schaller, c.1932

People linked to this organisation

PLANK, Ernst  (fl. 1860s-1930s) – founder, 1866

(* = main subject)

David Robinson, Stephen Herbert and Richard Crangle (editors), Encyclopaedia of the magic lantern (London: Magic Lantern Society, 2001), p. 235

Tony Dugdale, Patricia Dugdale, Dennis Crompton and Paul Barnett, Convention exhibition centrefold in NMLJ 3.1 (February 1984), pp. 10-11

Hermann Hecht, Decalcomania: some preliminary investigations into the history of transfer slides in NMLJ 1.3 (March 1980), p. 5

Lucerna ID no. 1001407

Record created by Deac Rossell and Richard Crangle. Last updated 19 March 2017

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  Lucerna Magic Lantern Web Resource, Accessed 17 February 2019.

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